Study Guide

Field 128: Russian CST
Presentational Speaking

Review the speaking assignment tutorial video .

Directions for Presentational Speaking Assignment

For the Presentational Speaking section of the test, you will record a spoken response to an assignment presented on-screen. You must respond to the assignment in the target language.

At the conclusion of these directions, the test will automatically advance and the assignment will be presented on the next screen. Listen to the directions carefully and review the assignment. You may take up to 12 minutes to review the assignment and prepare your response. Please note that you are not required to take the entire 12 minutes; however, if you choose to advance to the next screen to start your response before the preparation time is over, you will not be able to go back.

When the preparation time is over, you will be notified that your preparation time is complete and you should be ready to begin speaking. Watch the screen as the test advances and the Recorded Answer box is presented. You may take up to 3 minutes to record your response. A sample of the Recorded Answer box appears below.

Recorded Answer Box

Monitor your recording time by referring to the Recorded Answer box. The time in the Recorded Answer box will count down from 180 seconds (3 minutes) and the status bar will fill as your recording time progresses.

When your recording time is over, the current status on the Recorded Answer box will change to "Completed," indicating the conclusion of the assignment. You will automatically be advanced to the next screen. DO NOT click the Next button unless you have finished recording your response with time remaining and wish to move to the next screen. If you advance to the next screen with recording time remaining, you will not be able to go back.

Your response will be evaluated according to the following criteria:

Your response will be evaluated on the criteria above, not on the position you take. In your response, you must use your own words. With the exception of appropriately identified quotations and paraphrases from the passage, the response must be your own.

You may use the erasable notebooklet provided to take notes; however, you will be scored only on the response that is recorded in the exam. You will have only ONE opportunity to record your response. Be sure that your microphone is in a downward position near your mouth before you begin speaking.

The screen will now advance and the Presentational Speaking assignment will be presented.

Sample Presentational Speaking Assignment

Competency 0004
Presentational Speaking

[The examinee will see on screen and hear the following directions:]

You may take up to 12 minutes to review the assignment and the passage provided and to prepare your response. Then, the screen will automatically advance and recording will begin. The assignment and the passage will remain on the screen during recording. You may take up to 3 minutes to respond to the assignment. You will be told when the preparation time is over and the recording is about to begin. Begin reviewing the assignment and preparing your response now.

[The examinee will see on screen ONLY:]

Что важно для воспитания детей?

Imagine that you are addressing an audience of educated adults. Speaking in Russian, respond to the question above. In your response, you must:

In your response, you must use your own words. With the exception of appropriately identified quotations and paraphrases from the passage, the response must be your own.

[The examinee will see on screen ONLY:]
Passage from «Письма о добром», a letter by Дмитрий Лихачёв (Dmitri Likhachev):

Меня часто спрашивают, почему в быту совершенно исчезают русские игры. Лапта, горелки, городки или рюхи?

Сложный вопрос. Исчезают не только русские игры, исчезают игры вообще. Они заменяются танцами или тем, что называется танцами. А между тем игры очень важны в воспитательном отношении. Игра – будь это лапта, волейбол, горелки или ещё какая-нибудь – воспитывает социальность, она воспитывает умение держаться вместе, играть вместе, ощущать партнёра, ощущать противника. Это очень важная воспитательная вещь – игра. Игры должны быть возрождены в нашей жизни. Потому что я уже не вижу, чтобы играли, скажем, в крокет. А крокет – важная игра, потому что в крокет играют и взрослые, и дети, это общение взрослых и детей. Это важно. Дома заняты тем, что смотрят телевизор. Вот тут телевизор оказывается серьёзным конкурентом. А раньше играли в цифровое лото, играли дети, играли взрослые, и это служило общению взрослых и детей, это был один из моментов, очень важный в воспитательном отношении.

Но не только лото, существовали разные игры, в которых принимала участие вся семья. Так же, как, скажем, вся семья на Севере где-нибудь принимала участие в пении хоровых народных песен. Это важный момент, потому что хор, он не только доставляет эстетическое удовольствие, он нравственно организует семью, нравственно организует общество, собравшееся где-то в деревне, в зимнюю пору, при вьюге снежной. Поют – люди общаются этим способом друг с другом, они вступают в контакт. А как мало у нас сейчас контактов между людьми. Они очень важны, непосредственные контакты, контакты интуитивные какие-то, которые вот в играх, вот в хоровом пении, в музыке организовывались. Поэтому на эту сторону нашего быта, на то, что уходят из нашего быта игры, надо обратить внимание педагогическим организациям. И не сделать ли уроки физкультуры в наших школах игровыми? Это давало бы одновременно и физическое развитие, и нравственное, и объединяло бы класс.

_______________________

Excerpt from "Письма о добром", a letter by Дмитрий Лихачёв (Dmitri Likhachev). Reprinted with permission.

[After 12 minutes of silence, the examinee will hear:
"Your preparation time is now over. At the conclusion of these directions, the screen will automatically advance and recording will begin. Begin speaking when you see the Recorded Answer box presented on the next screen. Prepare to begin speaking now."]

[If examinee clicks "Next" before the preparation time is over, the following warning appears in a pop-up:
"You have chosen to begin speaking before your 12 minutes of preparation time has ended. If you click "Yes" below, the screen will advance and recording will automatically begin. Are you sure you want to begin speaking now?"]

Recorded Answer Box

DO NOT click the Next button unless you have finished recording your response.

[After 3 minutes of recording, the Current Status on the Recorded Answer box will change to "Completed" and the examinee is automatically advanced to the next screen.]

Sample Strong Response to Presentational Speaking Assignment

Having trouble with the audio player? Right-click and download the .mp3.

Note: The sample strong response for the presentational speaking assignment is an example of a response that a candidate might record. While the sample response demonstrates effective presentational speaking skills, it could contain typical errors that candidates may produce when speaking in the target language. Please see the rationale below for more details.

Rationale for Sample Strong Response to Presentational Speaking Assignment

The response effectively communicates clear and logically sequenced ideas, delivered with a consistent flow of speech, few pauses, intelligible pronunciation, and appropriate intonation. The candidate establishes a clear position on the issue presented in the question and effectively supports the established position with relevant information from the passage, as well as his or her own relevant ideas and examples. Overall, the response demonstrates a strong engagement with the passage.

The response uses the candidate's own words and effectively uses a range of vocabulary and idiomatic language, as well as a style and sociolinguistic conventions that are appropriate for the assignment. The candidate effectively uses a range of appropriate grammatical constructions, time frames, and sentence structures. Errors are minor and do not interfere with comprehensibility. Examples of such errors include some inconsistency in the flow of speech and hesitations.

Performance Characteristics for Presentational Speaking Assignment

The following characteristics guide the scoring of responses to the Presentational Speaking assignment.

APPROPRIATENESS The extent to which the response uses the candidate's own words, demonstrates engagement with the provided passage, establishes a position on the issue presented in the question, and uses language, style, and sociolinguistic conventions appropriate for the assignment (task, context, and specified audience)
SUPPORT The extent to which the response supports the established position with information (appropriately cited details, quotations, and paraphrases) from the provided passage and the candidate's own ideas or examples
FLUENCY The extent to which the response communicates clear and logically sequenced ideas delivered with a consistent flow of speech, intelligible pronunciation, and appropriate intonation
GRAMMAR The extent to which the response uses a range of appropriate grammatical constructions, time frames, and sentence structures
VOCABULARY The extent to which the response uses a range of appropriate vocabulary and idiomatic language

Score Scale for Presentational Speaking Assignment

A score will be assigned to each response to the Presentational Speaking assignment according to the following score scale.

Score Point Score Point Description
4 The "4" response demonstrates effective presentational speaking skills.
3 The "3" response demonstrates generally effective presentational speaking skills.
2 The "2" response demonstrates partially effective presentational speaking skills.
1 The "1" response demonstrates ineffective presentational speaking skills.
U The response is unscorable because it is inaudible or unintelligible, merely a repetition of the assignment, not related to the assignment, not primarily in the target language, or not of sufficient length to score.
B There is no response to the assignment.