Study Guide

Field 127: Mandarin CST
Presentational Speaking

Review the speaking assignment tutorial video .

Directions for Presentational Speaking Assignment

For the Presentational Speaking section of the test, you will record a spoken response to an assignment presented on-screen. You must respond to the assignment in the target language.

At the conclusion of these directions, the test will automatically advance and the assignment will be presented on the next screen. Listen to the directions carefully and review the assignment. You may take up to 12 minutes to review the assignment and prepare your response. Please note that you are not required to take the entire 12 minutes; however, if you choose to advance to the next screen to start your response before the preparation time is over, you will not be able to go back.

When the preparation time is over, you will be notified that your preparation time is complete and you should be ready to begin speaking. Watch the screen as the test advances and the Recorded Answer box is presented. You may take up to 3 minutes to record your response. A sample of the Recorded Answer box appears below.

Recorded Answer Box

Monitor your recording time by referring to the Recorded Answer box. The time in the Recorded Answer box will count down from 180 seconds (3 minutes) and the status bar will fill as your recording time progresses.

When your recording time is over, the current status on the Recorded Answer box will change to "Completed," indicating the conclusion of the assignment. You will automatically be advanced to the next screen. DO NOT click the Next button unless you have finished recording your response with time remaining and wish to move to the next screen. If you advance to the next screen with recording time remaining, you will not be able to go back.

Your response will be evaluated according to the following criteria:

Your response will be evaluated on the criteria above, not on the position you take. In your response, you must use your own words. With the exception of appropriately identified quotations and paraphrases from the passage, the response must be your own.

You may use the erasable notebooklet provided to take notes; however, you will be scored only on the response that is recorded in the exam. You will have only ONE opportunity to record your response. Be sure that your microphone is in a downward position near your mouth before you begin speaking.

The screen will now advance and the Presentational Speaking assignment will be presented.

Sample Presentational Speaking Assignment

Competency 0004
Presentational Speaking

[The examinee will see on screen and hear the following directions:]

speaker control

You will have 12 minutes to review the assignment and the passage provided and to prepare your response. Then, the screen will automatically advance and recording will begin. The assignment and the passage will remain on the screen during recording. You may take up to 3 minutes to respond to the assignment. You will be told when the preparation time is over and the recording is about to begin. Begin reviewing the assignment and preparing your response now.

[The examinee will see on screen ONLY:]

应该允许学生在学校用手机吗?
應該允許學生在學校用手機嗎?

Imagine that you are addressing an audience of educated adults. Speaking in Mandarin, respond to the question above. In your response, you must:

In your response, you must use your own words. With the exception of appropriately identified quotations and paraphrases from the passage, the response must be your own.

[The examinee will see on screen ONLY:]
Passage from an article published on the website 《释文解字》:

[Simplified]

这些年,手机是如此的流行。它让人们生活更加便利,可也让一些人十分为难。特别是那些家长们:让不让正在上小学的儿子,或者上中学的女儿用手机?这真是个问题。

不用我多说,手机方便了学生向家长报告平安,也方便了和同学交流学习,这是它好的一方面。不好的一方面是,有些学生自制力不如大人,不分时间地老想玩儿手机,十分不利于学习;更有个别学生在考场上玩儿手机:想得个好分数。此外学生们还小,没完全长成,老用手机对身心都不好。光从这几点看,学生最好不要用手机。[. . .]

目前,国家没有相关立法,没有几个学校像上海那个中学一样完全不让用手机,大多数学校都是有心无力。这么说,难道没路可走了?其实也不是。学校之外,家长也要做点什么,主要有两点:小学生,能不让用就不让用;中学生,什么时间和什么地方可以用。现在看来,这些做法有些不讲道理,但以后等他们长大就知道了,都是为了他们自己好。

[Traditional]

這些年,手機是如此的流行。它讓人們生活更加便利,可也讓一些人十分為難。特別是那些家長們:讓不讓正在上小學的兒子,或者上中學的女兒用手機?這真是個問題。

不用我多說,手機方便了學生向家長報告平安,也方便了和同學交流學習,這是它好的一方面。不好的一方面是,有些學生自制力不如大人,不分時間地老想玩兒手機,十分不利於學習;更有個別學生在考場上玩兒手機:想得個好分數。此外學生們還小,沒完全長成,老用手機對身心都不好。光從這幾點看,學生最好不要用手機。[. . .]

目前,國家沒有相關立法,沒有幾個學校像上海那個中學一樣完全不讓用手機,大多數學校都是有心無力。這麼說,難道沒路可走了?其實也不是。學校之外,家長也要做點什麼,主要有兩點:小學生,能不讓用就不讓用;中學生,什麼時間和什麼地方可以用。現在看來,這些做法有些不講道理,但以後等他們長大就知道了,都是為了他們自己好。

_______________________

Hsu, Joanna. "Cell Phones in the Classroom" Chinese Voices Project. http://clavisinca.com/voices.html. Copyright Clavis Sinica.

[After 12 minutes of silence, the examinee will hear:
"Your preparation time is now over. At the conclusion of these directions, the screen will automatically advance and recording will begin. Begin speaking when you see the Recorded Answer box presented on the next screen. Prepare to begin speaking now."]

[If examinee clicks "Next" before the preparation time is over, the following warning appears in a pop-up:
"You have chosen to begin speaking before your 12 minutes of preparation time has ended. If you click "Yes" below, the screen will advance and recording will automatically begin. Are you sure you want to begin speaking now?"]

Recorded Answer Box

DO NOT click the Next button unless you have finished recording your response.

[After 3 minutes of recording, the Current Status on the Recorded Answer box will change to "Completed" and the examinee is automatically advanced to the next screen.]

Sample Strong Response to Presentational Speaking Assignment

Having trouble with the audio player? Right-click and download the .mp3.

Note: The sample strong response for the presentational speaking assignment is an example of a response that a candidate might record. While the sample response demonstrates effective presentational speaking skills, it could contain typical errors that candidates may produce when speaking in the target language. Please see the rationale below for more details.

Rationale for Sample Strong Response to Presentational Speaking Assignment

The response communicates clear and logically sequenced ideas, delivered with a good flow of speech, few pauses, and largely intelligible pronunciation and appropriate intonation. The candidate establishes a clear position on the issue presented in the question and largely supports the established position with relevant information from the passage, as well as his or her own relevant ideas and examples. Overall, the response demonstrates a good level of engagement with the passage.

The response largely uses the candidate's own words and uses a range of vocabulary and idiomatic language, as well as a style and sociolinguistic conventions that are largely appropriate for the assignment. The candidate uses a range of appropriate grammatical constructions, time frames, and sentence structures. Errors are minor and do not interfere with overall comprehensibility. Examples of such errors include incorrect pronunciation (例如), and the occasional use of incorrect tones (也能, 以前, 考试 / 考試, 打手机 / 打手機, 报纸 / 報紙), as well as the use of an awkward structure (学生带手机进学校 / 學生帶手機進學校) instead of the more appropriate "ba" structure (学生把手机带进学校 / 學生把手機帶進學校).

Performance Characteristics for Presentational Speaking Assignment

The following characteristics guide the scoring of responses to the Presentational Speaking assignment.

APPROPRIATENESS The extent to which the response uses the candidate's own words, demonstrates engagement with the provided passage, establishes a position on the issue presented in the question, and uses language, style, and sociolinguistic conventions appropriate for the assignment (task, context, and specified audience)
SUPPORT The extent to which the response supports the established position with information (appropriately cited details, quotations, and paraphrases) from the provided passage and the candidate's own ideas or examples
FLUENCY The extent to which the response communicates clear and logically sequenced ideas delivered with a consistent flow of speech, intelligible pronunciation, and appropriate intonation
GRAMMAR The extent to which the response uses a range of appropriate grammatical constructions, time frames, and sentence structures
VOCABULARY The extent to which the response uses a range of appropriate vocabulary and idiomatic language

Score Scale for Presentational Speaking Assignment

A score will be assigned to each response to the Presentational Speaking assignment according to the following score scale.

Score Point Score Point Description
4 The "4" response demonstrates effective presentational speaking skills.
3 The "3" response demonstrates generally effective presentational speaking skills.
2 The "2" response demonstrates partially effective presentational speaking skills.
1 The "1" response demonstrates ineffective presentational speaking skills.
U The response is unscorable because it is inaudible or unintelligible, merely a repetition of the assignment, not related to the assignment, not primarily in the target language, or not of sufficient length to score.
B There is no response to the assignment.