Study Guide

Field 120: Cantonese CST
Presentational Speaking

Review the speaking assignment tutorial video .

Directions for Presentational Speaking Assignment

For the Presentational Speaking section of the test, you will record a spoken response to an assignment presented on-screen. You must respond to the assignment in the target language.

At the conclusion of these directions, the test will automatically advance and the assignment will be presented on the next screen. Listen to the directions carefully and review the assignment. You may take up to 12 minutes to review the assignment and prepare your response. Please note that you are not required to take the entire 12 minutes; however, if you choose to advance to the next screen to start your response before the preparation time is over, you will not be able to go back.

When the preparation time is over, you will be notified that your preparation time is complete and you should be ready to begin speaking. Watch the screen as the test advances and the Recorded Answer box is presented. You may take up to 3 minutes to record your response. A sample of the Recorded Answer box appears below.

Recorded Answer Box

Monitor your recording time by referring to the Recorded Answer box. The time in the Recorded Answer box will count down from 180 seconds (3 minutes) and the status bar will fill as your recording time progresses.

When your recording time is over, the current status on the Recorded Answer box will change to "Completed," indicating the conclusion of the assignment. You will automatically be advanced to the next screen. DO NOT click the Next button unless you have finished recording your response with time remaining and wish to move to the next screen. If you advance to the next screen with recording time remaining, you will not be able to go back.

Your response will be evaluated according to the following criteria:

Your response will be evaluated on the criteria above, not on the position you take. In your response, you must use your own words. With the exception of appropriately identified quotations and paraphrases from the passage, the response must be your own.

You may use the erasable notebooklet provided to take notes; however, you will be scored only on the response that is recorded in the exam. You will have only ONE opportunity to record your response. Be sure that your microphone is in a downward position near your mouth before you begin speaking.

The screen will now advance and the Presentational Speaking assignment will be presented.

Sample Presentational Speaking Assignment

Competency 0004
Presentational Speaking

[The examinee will see on screen and hear the following directions:]

You may take up to 12 minutes to review the assignment and the passage provided and to prepare your response. Then, the screen will automatically advance and recording will begin. The assignment and the passage will remain on the screen during recording. You may take up to 3 minutes to respond to the assignment. You will be told when the preparation time is over and the recording is about to begin. Begin reviewing the assignment and preparing your response now.

[The examinee will see on screen ONLY:]

你认为手机对青少年的身心有害吗?
你認為手機對青少年的身心有害嗎?

Imagine that you are addressing an audience of educated adults. Speaking in Cantonese, respond to the question above. In your response, you must:

In your response, you must use your own words. With the exception of appropriately identified quotations and paraphrases from the passage, the response must be your own.

[The examinee will see on screen ONLY:]
Passage from an article published by the worldjournal.com:

[Simplified]

现代青少年交友的方式已经很大程度上依赖于手机等电子产品,这些产品成为他们维系和发展友谊的重要途径。根据丕优研究中心网站,有57%的青少年通过网络认识新朋友,社交媒体和网上实时游戏成为许多青少年交朋友的平台。每天收发短讯已经成为青少年和朋友互动的重要途径,有55%的青少年每天会花一定时间和朋友们发短讯,尤其是密友之间,更是传的频繁。

还有研究显示,频繁过度的使用手机可能会让青少年出现健康隐患。根据Deseret News,最近有研究者发现每五个青少年就有一个人经常会在半夜醒来去翻看手机,还有研究显示那些经常会在夜里起来看手机的青少年往往会伴随有抑郁和焦虑的问题,有学者指出,青少年如今对手机的上瘾不亚于对毒品和酒精的程度,且上瘾后表现出来的行为往往具有相似性。该网站建议父母可以鼓励孩子多与外界交流,而不是花大量时间在手机上,每天最好有一段时间不使用任何电子科技产品。

[Traditional]

現代青少年交友的方式已經很大程度上依賴於手機等電子產品,這些產品成為他們維繫和發展友誼的重要途徑。根據丕優研究中心網站,有57%的青少年通過網絡認識新朋友,社交媒體和網上實時遊戲成為許多青少年交朋友的平台。每天收發短訊已經成為青少年和朋友互動的重要途徑,有55%的青少年每天會花一定時間和朋友們發短訊,尤其是密友之間,更是傳的頻繁。

還有研究顯示,頻繁過度的使用手機可能會讓青少年出現健康隱患。根據Deseret News,最近有研究者發現每五個青少年就有一個人經常會在半夜醒來去翻看手機,還有研究顯示那些經常會在夜裡起來看手機的青少年往往會伴隨有抑鬱和焦慮的問題,有學者指出,青少年如今對手機的上癮不亞於對毒品和酒精的程度,且上癮後表現出來的行為往往具有相似性。該網站建議父母可以鼓勵孩子多與外界交流,而不是花大量時間在手機上,每天最好有一段時間不使用任何電子科技產品。

_______________________

Helen(Fang) Meng Chao. 青少年手機上癮 家長憂心 by 孟芳編譯 published in the World Journal on May 3, 2016, 6:00 am. URL:http://www.worldjournal.com/3941658/article-青少年手機上癮-家長憂心/. Reprinted with permission of the author.

[After 12 minutes of silence, the examinee will hear:
"Your preparation time is now over. At the conclusion of these directions, the screen will automatically advance and recording will begin. Begin speaking when you see the Recorded Answer box presented on the next screen. Prepare to begin speaking now."]

[If examinee clicks "Next" before the preparation time is over, the following warning appears in a pop-up:
"You have chosen to begin speaking before your 12 minutes of preparation time has ended. If you click "Yes" below, the screen will advance and recording will automatically begin. Are you sure you want to begin speaking now?"]

Recorded Answer Box

DO NOT click the Next button unless you have finished recording your response.

[After 3 minutes of recording, the Current Status on the Recorded Answer box will change to "Completed" and the examinee is automatically advanced to the next screen.]

Sample Strong Response to Presentational Speaking Assignment

Having trouble with the audio player? Right-click and download the .mp3.

Note: The sample strong response for the presentational speaking assignment is an example of a response that a candidate might record. While the sample response demonstrates effective presentational speaking skills, it could contain typical errors that candidates may produce when speaking in the target language. Please see the rationale below for more details.

Rationale for Sample Strong Response to Presentational Speaking Assignment

The response communicates clear and logically sequenced ideas, delivered with a good flow of speech, few pauses, and largely intelligible pronunciation and appropriate intonation. The candidate establishes a clear position on the issue presented in the question and largely supports the established position with relevant information from the passage, as well as his or her own relevant ideas and examples. Overall, the response demonstrates a good level of engagement with the passage.

The response largely uses the candidate's own words and uses a range of vocabulary and idiomatic language, as well as a style and sociolinguistic conventions that are largely appropriate for the assignment. The candidate uses a range of appropriate grammatical constructions, time frames, and sentence structures. Errors are minor and do not interfere with overall comprehensibility. Examples of such errors include the awkward sentence structure 青少年对手机的依赖就好似吸毒者对毒品的依赖一样,是会上瘾的 / 青少年對手機的依賴就好似吸毒者對毒品的依賴一樣,是會上癮的, and word choice (父母应该培养每个青少年 / 父母應該培養每個青少年) that is too informal and not appropriate for the level of formality.

Performance Characteristics for Presentational Speaking Assignment

The following characteristics guide the scoring of responses to the Presentational Speaking assignment.

APPROPRIATENESS The extent to which the response uses the candidate's own words, demonstrates engagement with the provided passage, establishes a position on the issue presented in the question, and uses language, style, and sociolinguistic conventions appropriate for the assignment (task, context, and specified audience)
SUPPORT The extent to which the response supports the established position with information (appropriately cited details, quotations, and paraphrases) from the provided passage and the candidate's own ideas or examples
FLUENCY The extent to which the response communicates clear and logically sequenced ideas delivered with a consistent flow of speech, intelligible pronunciation, and appropriate intonation
GRAMMAR The extent to which the response uses a range of appropriate grammatical constructions, time frames, and sentence structures
VOCABULARY The extent to which the response uses a range of appropriate vocabulary and idiomatic language

Score Scale for Presentational Speaking Assignment

A score will be assigned to each response to the Presentational Speaking assignment according to the following score scale.

Score Point Score Point Description
4 The "4" response demonstrates effective presentational speaking skills.
3 The "3" response demonstrates generally effective presentational speaking skills.
2 The "2" response demonstrates partially effective presentational speaking skills.
1 The "1" response demonstrates ineffective presentational speaking skills.
U The response is unscorable because it is inaudible or unintelligible, merely a repetition of the assignment, not related to the assignment, not primarily in the target language, or not of sufficient length to score.
B There is no response to the assignment.