Study Guide

Field 129: Spanish CST
Pedagogical Content Knowledge

Review the character selector tutorial video and the special character palette available for the Spanish CST:

Spanish special character options

Directions for Pedagogical Content Knowledge Assignment

For the Pedagogical Content Knowledge section of the test, you will write a response of approximately 400–600 words in English to an assignment.

Read the assignment carefully before you begin to write. Think about how you will organize your response. You should use your time to plan, write, review, and edit your response to the assignment. Your final response must be typed in the on-screen response box presented with the assignment.

Please note that special characters (such as letters with accents or other diacritical marks) cannot be entered using the keyboard, but are available for insertion in the on-screen response box. To access these characters, click on the ash symbol button that appears in the upper left corner of the screen. Using the mouse, double-click on the character you wish to include in your response, or click on the character and then select "Insert." The character will be inserted where the cursor is positioned in the response box.

Your response will be evaluated according to the following criteria:

Your response will be evaluated on the criteria above, not writing ability. However, your response must be communicated clearly enough to permit valid judgment of your knowledge and skills. Your response must be your original work, written in your own words, and not copied or paraphrased from some other work.

Be sure to write about the assigned topic. Remember to review what you have written to ensure that you address all aspects of the assignment and make any changes you think will improve your response.

Select the Next button to continue.

Sample Pedagogical Content Knowledge Assignment

Competency 0005
Pedagogical Content Knowledge

Use the information below and the exhibit provided to complete the assignment that follows.

You are planning instruction for a Spanish language class. Your instruction includes a specific learning goal aligned to the following New York State Learning Standard for Languages Other Than English:

Standard 1: Students will be able to use a language other than English for communication.

You will use the exhibit provided as part of your instruction. To view the exhibit, click the "Exhibit" button on the right above the response box.

Using your knowledge of Spanish and your pedagogical knowledge related to teaching modern languages, write a response in English of approximately 400–600 words in which you:

[The examinee will see the Exhibit button on screen: exhibit button]

To view the exhibit, the examinee will click the Exhibit button. The pop-up window can then be resized and/or repositioned on the screen so that the examinee can access the information while completing their response.


Spanish restaurant menu

Sample Strong Response to Pedagogical Content Knowledge Assignment

This restaurant menu contains extensive food vocabulary and is an appropriate resource to use throughout all levels of instruction in Spanish. My instructional strategy is for a middle school Spanish class at Checkpoint A. My specific learning goal is for students to communicate in Spanish by expressing personal feelings and opinions about food items using the verb "gustar". Students engaged in this lesson will already be familiar with the basic phrases "¿Qué (no) te gusta? ¿(No) Te gusta + _____? (No) Me gusta +______." The rationale for this instruction is to apply the "gustar" structure to communicate about familiar and unfamiliar new foods, expand the students' range of culturally relevant food vocabulary, and use contextual clues to expand the use and recognition of familiar and unfamiliar foods.

In order to help students derive meaning from the exhibit, I would draw on research on reading strategies, in particular the use of context, cognates, and identification of important words. As part of a thematic unit on meal taking, I will set up the following activities.

I will first provide a printed copy of the exhibit and a teacher prepared chart with categories dealing with types of foods and beverages. I will elicit familiar vocabulary orally and categorize it with the students. Because one of my goals is to help students become more confident in dealing with unfamiliar vocabulary, I will direct students to highlight unfamiliar words so that the student's copy of the exhibit shows how much they can comprehend in context.

Next I will conduct an assessment to check comprehension of the important vocabulary by displaying pictures of the food and seasoning items on flash cards and asking students to select among the highlighted words in the exhibit which food item is displayed on the cards. Then I will use the cards as props for "gustar" questions that reinforce vocabulary and provide practice with the verb "gustar" while drawing attention to the menu. I will ask these types of questions while holding up different flash cards: "¿Qué es? ¿Qué tipo de comida es--fruta, carne, verdura, bebida, postre…? ¿A ti te gusta(n) el/la/los/las…? ¿Y a ti [directed to another student]? ¿Te gusta(n) o no? ¿Qué te gusta comer en un restaurante? ¿Tienes un restaurante favorito? ¿Qué hay en el menú de tu restaurante favorito?" At this point, students are able to complete the chart.

I will display all of the cards in the room and show a series of questions using "gustar" on the Smart Board similar to the oral practice I used with the flash cards. Students will work in pairs using "gustar" to elicit conversation about the food items on the flash cards. I will circulate throughout the class listening to the conversations and eliciting additional conversation as needed. By doing this activity I will be able to hear individual students and to what degree each of them is able to use the vocabulary on the menu and the "gustar" structure in context. This will allow me to recognize whether the stated learning goal has been met or whether I need to adjust my instruction.

Performance Characteristics for Pedagogical Content Knowledge Assignment

The following characteristics guide the scoring of responses to the Pedagogical Content Knowledge assignment.

COMPLETENESS The degree to which the response addresses all parts of the assignment
ACCURACY The degree to which the response demonstrates the relevant knowledge and skills accurately and effectively
DEPTH OF SUPPORT The degree to which the response provides appropriate examples and details that demonstrate sound reasoning

Score Scale for Pedagogical Content Knowledge Assignment

A score will be assigned to the response to the Pedagogical Content Knowledge assignment according to the following score scale.

Score Point Score Point Description
4 The "4" response reflects a thorough command of the relevant knowledge and skills.
3 The "3" response reflects a general command of the relevant knowledge and skills.
2 The "2" response reflects a partial command of the relevant knowledge and skills.
1 The "1" response reflects little or no command of the relevant knowledge and skills.
UThe response is unscorable because it is unrelated to the assigned topic or off-task, unreadable, written in a language other than English or contains an insufficient amount of original work to score.
BNo response.