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Study Guide

Field 126: Japanese CST
Presentational Speaking

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Directions for Presentational Speaking Assignment

For the Presentational Speaking section of the test, you will record a spoken response to an assignment presented on-screen. start bold You must respond to the assignment in the target language. end bold

At the conclusion of these directions, the test will automatically advance and the assignment will be presented on the next screen. Listen to the directions carefully and review the assignment. start bold You may take up to 12 minutes to review the assignment and prepare your response. end bold Please note that you are not required to take the entire 12 minutes; however, start bold if you choose to advance to the next screen to start your response before the preparation time is over, you will not be able to go back. end bold

When the preparation time is over, you will be notified that your preparation time is complete and you should be ready to begin speaking. Watch the screen as the test advances and the Recorded Answer box is presented. start bold You may take up to 3 minutes to record your response. end bold A sample of the Recorded Answer box appears below.

Recorded Answer Box

Monitor your recording time by referring to the Recorded Answer box. The time in the Recorded Answer box will count down from 180 seconds (3 minutes) and the status bar will fill as your recording time progresses.

When your recording time is over, the current status on the Recorded Answer box will change to "Completed," indicating the conclusion of the assignment. You will automatically be advanced to the next screen. start uppercase DO NOT end uppercase click the start bold Next end bold button unless you have finished recording your response with time remaining and wish to move to the next screen. start bold If you advance to the next screen with recording time remaining, you will not be able to go back. end bold

Your response will be evaluated according to the following criteria:

Your response will be evaluated on the criteria above, not on the position you take. In your response, you must use your own words. With the exception of appropriately identified quotations and paraphrases from the passage, the response must be your own.

You may use the erasable notebooklet provided to take notes; however, start bold you will be scored only on the response that is recorded in the exam. end bold You will have only start bold ONE end bold opportunity to record your response. Be sure that your microphone is in a downward position near your mouth before you begin speaking.

The screen will now advance and the Presentational Speaking assignment will be presented.

Sample Presentational Speaking Assignment

Competency 0004 
Presentational Speaking

start italics [The examinee will see on screen and hear the following directions:] end italics

speaker control

start bold You will have 12 minutes to review the assignment and the passage provided and to prepare your response. Then, the screen will automatically advance and recording will begin. The assignment and the passage will remain on the screen during recording. You may take up to 3 minutes to respond to the assignment. You will be told when the preparation time is over and the recording is about to begin. Begin reviewing the assignment and preparing your response now. end bold

start italics [The examinee will see on screen ONLY:] end italics

小学生に携帯電話を持たせるべきだと思いますか。

Imagine that you are addressing an audience of educated adults. Speaking in Japanese, respond to the question above. In your response, you must:

In your response, you must use your own words. With the exception of appropriately identified quotations and paraphrases from the passage, the response must be your own.

start italics [The examinee will see on screen ONLY:] end italics
start bold Passage from an article published on the website : end bold

 footnote 1 purchase

 footnote 2 consider

 footnote 3 emergency


/ Excerpt by “Pros and cons of giving elementary school children cell-phones and how to choose the latest models”, Tomomi Kitano, Nikkei Dual, 2014.03.26, http://dual.nikkei.co.jp/article.aspx?id=2178

start italics [After 12 minutes of silence, the examinee will hear:
"Your preparation time is now over. At the conclusion of these directions, the screen will automatically advance and recording will begin. Begin speaking when you see the Recorded Answer box presented on the next screen. Prepare to begin speaking now."]
end italics

start italics [If examinee clicks "Next" before the preparation time is over, the following warning appears in a pop-up:
"You have chosen to begin speaking before your 12 minutes of preparation time has ended. If you click "Yes" below, the screen will advance and recording will automatically begin. Are you sure you want to begin speaking now?"]
end italics

Recorded Answer Box

start bold  start uppercase DO NOT end uppercase  click the Next button unless you have finished recording your response. end bold

start italics [After 3 minutes of recording, the Current Status on the Recorded Answer box will change to "Completed" and the examinee is automatically advanced to the next screen.] end italics

Sample Strong Response to Presentational Speaking Assignment

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Note: The sample strong response for the presentational speaking assignment is an example of a response that a candidate might record. While the sample response demonstrates effective presentational speaking skills, it could contain typical errors that candidates may produce when speaking in the target language. Please see the rationale below for more details.

Rationale for Sample Strong Response to Presentational Speaking Assignment

The response communicates clear and logically sequenced ideas, delivered with a good flow of speech, few pauses, and largely intelligible pronunciation and appropriate intonation. The candidate establishes a clear position on the issue presented in the question and largely supports the established position with relevant information from the passage, as well as his or her own relevant ideas and examples. Overall, the response demonstrates a good level of engagement with the passage.

The response largely uses the candidate's own words and uses a range of vocabulary and idiomatic language, as well as a style and sociolinguistic conventions that are largely appropriate for the assignment. The candidate uses a range of appropriate grammatical constructions, time frames, and sentence structures. Errors are minor and do not interfere with overall comprehensibility. Examples of such errors include an incorrect use of the "" idiom ( instead of ), an incorrect use of a particle (—self-corrected to ), an incorrect "ru" verb agreement ( instead of ), an incorrect choice of pronoun ( instead of ), as well as an awkward word choice for the context ( instead of a more precise expression such as ).

Performance Characteristics for Presentational Speaking Assignment

The following characteristics guide the scoring of responses to the Presentational Speaking assignment.

APPROPRIATENESS The extent to which the response uses the candidate's own words, demonstrates engagement with the provided passage, establishes a position on the issue presented in the question, and uses language, style, and sociolinguistic conventions appropriate for the assignment (task, context, and specified audience)
SUPPORT The extent to which the response supports the established position with information (appropriately cited details, quotations, and paraphrases) from the provided passage and the candidate's own ideas or examples
FLUENCY The extent to which the response communicates clear and logically sequenced ideas delivered with a consistent flow of speech, intelligible pronunciation, and appropriate intonation
GRAMMAR The extent to which the response uses a range of appropriate grammatical constructions, time frames, and sentence structures
VOCABULARY The extent to which the response uses a range of appropriate vocabulary and idiomatic language

Score Scale for Presentational Speaking Assignment

A score will be assigned to each response to the Presentational Speaking assignment according to the following score scale.

Score Point Score Point Description
4  start bold The "4" response demonstrates effective presentational speaking skills. end bold 
3  start bold The "3" response demonstrates generally effective presentational speaking skills. end bold 
2  start bold The "2" response demonstrates partially effective presentational speaking skills. end bold 
1  start bold The "1" response demonstrates ineffective presentational speaking skills. end bold 
U The response is unscorable because it is inaudible or unintelligible, merely a repetition of the assignment, not related to the assignment, not primarily in the target language, or not of sufficient length to score.
B There is no response to the assignment.